Location :Southern Asia, between China and India
Geographic coordinates :280 N, 840 E
Map references :Asia
Area :Total: 147,181 Sq Km, Land: 143,181 Sq Km, Water: 4,000 Sq Km
Area comparative :Slightly larger than Arkansas
Land boundaries :Total: 2,929 km border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km
Coastline :O km (landlocked)
Maritime claims :None (landlocked)
Climate :Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
Terrain :Terai or fiat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north
Elevation extremes :Lowest point: Kechana Kalan 70 m highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m
Natural resources :Quartz, water, timber, hydropowefl scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Land use :Arable land: 21.68%, permanent crops: 0.64%, other: 77.68% (2001)
Irrigated land :11,350 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards :Severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons
Environment :Deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives)
Current issues :Contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions.
Environment-party to :Bio-diversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the sea, Ozone Layer Protection.
International agreements :Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation.
Geography Note :Landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world’s 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest (the world’s tallest ) on the border with China
Location Geographic coordinates:
Map references: Area: Area comparative: Land boundaries: Coastline: Maritime claims: Climate: Terrain: Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: Land use: Irrigated land: Natural hazards: Environment:
Current issues: Environment-party to: International agreements: Geography Note: